No products in the cart.

Hippotherapy for Cerebral Palsy: What to Expect & Why it Works

little girl with cerebral palsy participating in hippotherapy to improve trunk stability

In hippotherapy, children with cerebral palsy can work on developing their balance, posture, and gait while riding a horse. The horse’s movements help stimulate multiple sensorimotor skills, which can help improve overall mobility.

This article will help you understand what to expect at a hippotherapy session, its benefits, and why it works.

What to Expect At Hippotherapy for Cerebral Palsy

The purpose of hippotherapy is to develop skills on a horse that can translate over to improved mobility off the horse.

In order to provide hippotherapy services, a physical therapist, occupational therapist, or speech-language pathologist must be certified by the American Hippotherapy Association.

During hippotherapy, your child will be working with a certified therapist, a horse trainer, and instructors on both sides of the horse. This team will help support your child and make sure that he or she is safe throughout the entire process.

Additionally, the hippotherapy team will be controlling the movements and speed of the horse to help stimulate various motor and sensory skills in your child. They will also be giving your child feedback on how to respond to the horse’s movements to optimize your child’s progress.

Up next, we’ll go over the many benefits of hippotherapy for children with cerebral palsy.

Benefits of Hippotherapy for Cerebral Palsy

young girl with cerebral palsy at hippotherapy session

Cerebral palsy is a spectrum disorder, meaning that individuals can display a wide range of symptoms at varying severities.

Hippotherapy is appropriate for children as young as 2 years old and can provide physical, cognitive, and emotional benefits for all severities of cerebral palsy.

Suggested physical benefits of hippotherapy include improved:

  • Balance
  • Strength
  • Coordination
  • Muscle tone
  • Range of movement
  • Posture
  • Gait

Suggested psychological benefits of hippotherapy include improved:

  • Self-confidence
  • Motivation
  • Sensory processing
  • Concentration
  • Spatial awareness
  • Feelings of emotional well-being due to increased release of endorphins

In the following section, we’ll discuss the mechanisms involved in hippotherapy that make it an effective form of treatment for individuals with cerebral palsy.

Why Hippotherapy Works

physical therapist guiding hippotherapy session

Cerebral palsy is a permanent condition; however, early intervention and participation in therapeutic interventions like hippotherapy can help slow the progression of symptoms and promote gradual improvements by stimulating neuroplasticity.

Neuroplasticity is the central nervous system’s ability to adapt and reorganize neural pathways. By consistently stimulating neuroplasticity through highly-repetitive, task-specific exercises, individuals can improve their motor functions.  

Early intervention is crucial because children’s brains have greater levels of neuroplasticity than adult brains. As a result, children can learn new skills quicker and easier than adults. The sooner they address maladaptive habits, the easier they will be to replace.  

Below, we’ll go over 3 key reasons why hippotherapy can be an effective form of treatment for individuals with cerebral palsy.

1. Increases Engagement

Repetitive stimulation is essential for improving motor skills in children with cerebral palsy.

However, children often get bored of repeating the same exercises in traditional physical therapy.

Interacting with a horse in hippotherapy helps keep children engaged. They have so much fun riding on the horse that they don’t realize how much they’re using their bodies to sit upright, stay balanced, and coordinate their movements. These skills translate to their abilities off of the horse as well.

2. Dynamic Movements of the Horse

Another fundamental element of hippotherapy is the dynamic movement of the horse.

Because the horse is continuously moving, children have to constantly adjust their center of gravity to stay balanced. Consistently engaging the core muscles can help improve trunk stability and posture.

Additionally, the horse’s movements provide a rhythmic and repetitive pattern that is similar to how humans walk. The dynamic movements of the horse transfer to the patient’s pelvis, which may help improve their gait.

Multiple body systems such as the sensory, musculoskeletal, limbic, and vestibular systems are used during hippotherapy. Repetitive stimulation of these systems can help promote neurological reorganization.

3. Body Temperature of the Horse

The body temperature of the horse also contributes to the therapeutic effects of hippotherapy.

A horse’s body temperature is about 1-5 degrees higher than that of humans. Warmer temperatures promote muscle relaxation, which can help reduce spasticity and pain and improve range of motion in individuals with cerebral palsy.  

Hippotherapy for Cerebral Palsy: Key Points

Hippotherapy provides a unique, multi-sensory experience that helps keep children with cerebral palsy engaged and practicing the skills necessary to improve their mobility.

While hippotherapy is generally safe, it may not be ideal for children with severe epilepsy or those who are fearful, anxious, or allergic to horses. To make sure that hippotherapy is safe for your child, consult with their pediatrician.

Hopefully, this article helped you grasp what hippotherapy is and how it can help children with cerebral palsy improve their functional abilities. Good luck!

Photo credits: iStock/Antonio_Diaz and 2nd Lt. Shelley Gregory

Keep it going: Don’t leave behind this free ebook with 19 pages of helpful tips for cerebral palsy

illustration of cerebral palsy tips ebook with example pages

Get our free 19-page PDF full of helpful tips for cerebral palsy by signing up below! If you liked this article, you’ll LOVE our free ebook.

When you sign up, you’ll also receive our popular emails that share more tips for life with cerebral palsy — you can opt out anytime.

We will never sell your email address, and we never spam. That we promise.

More Ways to Recover with Flint Rehab:

Free CP Tips Ebook

illustration of cerebral palsy tips ebook with example pages

Discover Award-Winning Neurorehab Tools

You're on a Roll: Read More Popular Articles About Cerebral Palsy

You’re Really on a Roll: Discover a Program for CP That’s Actually Fun to Do!

At Flint Rehab, we understand that doing physical therapy at home can become tedious and repetitive. But when repetition is critical to recovery, it’s important to stick with a repetitive regimen. But that doesn’t mean it has to be boring.

Flint Rehab is the leading manufacturer of motion-sensing, gamified rehabilitation devices. Our bestselling recovery tool, FitMi, transforms full-body rehab exercises into an interactive experience.

See what individuals with CP are saying about FitMi:

“The FitMi and MusicGlove have done wonders for my son with hemiparesis from cerebral palsy and stroke. It motivates him to do his exercises. It does not seem like therapy for him since it is fun. FitMi monitors his progress so it is a great reinforcement for him. Music is a motivator for him. He has been using it on his arm and we will try the leg exercises soon.”

-Manning

While FitMi is a recovery tool for the full-body, our other device, MusicGlove, helps target the hand to improve fine motor skills and dexterity.

See what others have said about MusicGlove:

“My granddaughter has right-side hemiplegia from Cerebral Palsy / stroke at birth. She states that this is a great product for anyone who has issues with the use of their hand(s), and that is has helped her tremendously. She also finds the music quite catchy (surprisingly!). Our occupational therapist has been impressed as well. I can say that it has arguably been the best tool of all our therapy resources.”

-Jenni

Together, FitMi and MusicGlove make a powerful home therapy regimen for individuals with cerebral palsy. Best of all, you can save money when you bundle them together.

To learn more, click the button below:

ebook cover with the title "Helpful tips for managing cerebral palsy"

Do you have these 19 pages of helpful tips for CP?

Get a free copy of our ebook Helpful Tips for Managing Cerebral Palsy. Click here to get instant access.