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Cerebral Palsy Balance Exercises for More Stable Movements

cerebral palsy balance exercises can help your child become more independent and safe

Wondering what the best cerebral palsy balance exercises are?

Damage to the cerebellum will result in ataxic cerebral palsy. This type of cerebral palsy directly affects balance and coordination.

However, children with spastic or dyskinetic CP can also experience balance problems as a result of spasticity or uncontrollable movements.

Regardless of what type of cerebral palsy your child has, practicing balance exercises can help them strengthen weak muscles, minimize falls, and become more independent.

Core-Strengthening Cerebral Palsy Balance Exercises

The core is responsible for maintaining balance, so developing strong core muscles will help improve balance skills.

This article will share 5 balance-boosting exercises for children with cerebral palsy.

Let’s get started!

1. Horseback Riding

hippotherapy cerebral palsy balance exercises


Horseback riding is a very popular form of exercise for children with cerebral palsy.

In fact, it’s an established therapeutic intervention called hippotherapy.

This is a really fun way for children with cerebral palsy to develop their balance skills.

Because the horse is moving, children continuously have to adjust their center of gravity to stay balanced.

The more they practice this, the better their balancing skills get.

Similarly, they’re so distracted interacting with the horse that they don’t realize how much they’re engaging their core muscles.

2. Walking in the Pool

buoyancy and viscosity to practice cerebral palsy balancing exercises


Moving around in the pool is a great way to practice walking because the buoyant force of water makes your child feel weightless and takes a lot of pressure off the joints.

This will allow your child to get a feel for how to walk with correct form.

The deeper your child’s body is submerged in water, the lighter they will feel.

For example, if your child stands in a pool where the water is up to their knees, there will be more pressure on their joints than if the water was up to their chest.

Another valuable property of water is its viscosity (resistance).

This is what makes it challenging to move quickly underwater and will help reduce the impact of a fall.

3. Playing on an Exercise Ball

child practicing cp balancing exercise with stability ball


Most kids will see the giant ball and immediately think it’s a toy.

Luckily, playing is one of the best ways for children to improve their mobility.

They’ll want to bounce it around, sit on it, and lean their entire bodies over it.

Take advantage of their interest.

The ball’s unstable surface will force your child to practice shifting their weight and experiment with movement to find a balancing point.

4. Deep Breathing 

deep breathing exercise to strengthen core muscles


Take a deep breath. Did you notice how your core tightens, chest expands, and back straightens?

When you inhale, your diaphragm moves down to allow your lungs to expand and fill with air.

Deep breathing promotes trunk stability by engaging the core and enhancing posture.

Another benefit of deep breathing is that you can practice it almost anytime you want. You don’t need any equipment and can practice it sitting, lying down, or standing.

5. Swinging

balance exercises for children with cerebral palsy


Playing on the swings can be a fun balance exercise for children with mild cerebral palsy.

Make sure your child holds on to the chains tightly and gently start swaying the swing back and forth.

Learning how to swing will teach your child how to shift their weight to maintain their balance.

The back and forth leaning motions will also help strengthen your child’s core.

Cerebral Palsy and Balance

Balance skills play a crucial role in a child’s mobility, safety, and independence.

As children with cerebral palsy grow, they will get heavier, and it can become more difficult for them to stay balanced.

Therefore, it’s essential to practice balance exercises as early as possible to minimize future complications.

Hopefully, this article helped you better how balancing problems can affect a child with cerebral palsy and why it is so important to practice exercises that strengthen their trunk muscles.

Featured image: ©

Keep It Going: See Fun Ways to Recover from Cerebral Palsy

Finally! There’s a recovery device for CP that’s actually fun to use. See how Flint Rehab’s tools are helping with CP recovery:

“The FitMi and MusicGlove have done wonders for my son with hemiparesis from cerebral palsy and stroke. It motivates him to do his exercises. It does not seem like therapy for him since it is fun. It monitors his progress so it is a great reinforcement for him. Music is a motivator for him. He has been using it on his arm and we will try the leg exercises soon.”

FitMi works by motivating high repetition of therapeutic exercises while playing an engaging game. This gamification has been particularly great for motivating individuals with cerebral palsy to recover.

To see how FitMi works, click here »