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5 Effective Balance Exercises for Spinal Cord Injury Patients

woman practicing balance in park to eliminate her dizziness after head injury

A spinal cord injury can disrupt your sense of balance. To regain it, it’s essential to practice balance exercises for spinal cord injury patients.

Balance Exercises for Spinal Cord Injury

Balance exercises don’t have to be complicated. Practicing simple activities are a great way to boost balance after spinal cord injury.

Because simple exercises are less intimidating, you’re more likely to practice them. Recovery is all about repetition.

Continuous practice will stimulate and strengthen the connections between your body, brain, and spinal cord.

Without further ado, here are 5 helpful balance exercises for spinal cord injury patients.

1. Hip Rotations

One of the best things you can do to improve balance after spinal cord injury is get back on your feet.

Using a walker or parallel bars for support, practice swaying front and back, side to side, and in circles. This will help develop standing balance.

Make sure that you’re making these movements with your hips.

At first, you’ll rely more heavily on your arms to keep you balanced. However, try to gradually place more emphasis on your hips to promote better coordination between your upper and lower body.

2. Stance Variations

the best balance exercises for spinal cord injury

Your stance can significantly affect your balance.

Using a chair or countertop for support, try these different stances:

  • legs far apart
  • legs close together
  • one leg cross in front of the other
  • toes pointed inward
  • toes pointed outward
  • one leg raised

A wider stance creates a more stable base while a narrower stance requires more balance.

If you’re unable to stand, try maintaining an upright sitting position without leaning on anything.

3. Fixing Posture

improving balance after spinal cord injury by fixing poor posture

Practicing correct posture is essential for good balance.

Simply face forward, keep your shoulders level, and have your weight evenly distributed on both feet.

Sitting and standing with good form helps prevent unnecessary strain on your muscles and joints.

It also helps your organs function efficiently and makes it easier to breathe deeply, which can help increase brain activity.

Practicing good posture can uncomfortable for some because of habit. However, the more you practice correct posture, the more natural it will feel.

Although it may not be problematic at the moment, poor posture will eventually lead to back and neck pain.

4. Aquatic Activity

walking in a pool is an effective balance exercises for spinal cord injury patients

It’s easy to develop a sense of balance in water because you don’t have to bear so much weight.

Go to the pool and take advantage of buoyancy (the force of water pushing you up). This is what makes you feel so much lighter in the water.

Ever noticed how much slower and gentler you fall in water than on land? That’s because of viscosity (the resistance of a fluid).

It provides extra security so that you can practice standing or walking without worrying about hurting yourself.

For a challenge, practice walking in a straight line as if you’re on a tightrope. The narrow distance between your legs makes it more difficult to stay balanced.

5. Balancing on a Stability Ball

Sitting on a stability ball is a great balance exercise forspinal cord injury patients. It forces you to make micro movements that constantly engage your core muscles.

A strong core is essential for building balance. When your core muscles are weak, it becomes difficult to sit upright without tilting or leaning against something.  It also places more pressure on other muscles and joints, which can cause back pain.

There are lots of stability ball exercises you can practice to improve balance after spinal cord injury including:

  • light bouncing
  • crunches
  • side tilts
  • leg raises

To be safe, make sure to hold onto a countertop or chair for extra support.

Improving Balance After Spinal Cord Injury

boosting stability after sci

Balance takes time to develop, so trust in the process and keep practing!

Try documenting your progress over time by keeping track of:

  • how long you can maintain balance in a particular position
  • the different positions you can maintain balance in
  • how easy or difficult it is to stay balanced in a certain position

The more you practice these balance exercises for spinal cord injury patients, the easier they’ll get.  Good luck!

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