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Can a Child Acquire Cerebral Palsy After Birth?

acquiring cerebral palsy after birth

While most people (up to 80%) are born with CP, it is also possible to get cerebral palsy after birth. This is called acquired cerebral palsy.

In this article, we’ll go over what causes this type of CP and how it differs from being born with CP.

Let’s get started!

What Causes Cerebral Palsy After Birth?

Cerebral palsy after birth can be caused by many different sources of damage to the brain.

Some common causes of cerebral palsy after birth include:

  • Infection (meningitis, encephalitis, etc.)
  • Traumatic brain injury (from events that inflict excessive force to head like a car accident)
  • Blood clotting
  • Seizures

Motor disabilities in childhood are only diagnosed as cerebral palsy if the brain damage occurs to the developing brain.

While there are some conflicting views on what the cutoff age is, it is never more than 5 years old. Therefore, if a 7-year-old child were to get a head injury that caused motor impairments, it would be classified as a traumatic brain injury, not cerebral palsy.

What is the Difference Between Acquired and Congenital Cerebral Palsy?

cerebral palsy before during or after birth

©iStock.com/ Antonio_Diaz

Other than the timing and cause of the brain damage, there doesn’t appear to be any major difference between acquired and congenital cerebral palsy.

Congenital cerebral palsy occurs when a child is born with CP.

It can be caused by events like premature birth, complications during birth, and a combination of genetic factors.

Both congenital and acquired cerebral palsy will result in similar motor impairments because they affect the same area of the brain.

Up to 80% of cases are caused by damage to the motor cortex, but CP can also occur from damage to the cerebellum or basal ganglia.

Changes You Might Notice If Your Child Acquires Cerebral Palsy After Birth

If your child acquires cerebral palsy after birth, you’ll likely notice changes in their movements.

Depending on the age of your child, some motor impairments may be more obvious than others.

In infants, you may not notice motor impairments until the child gets a little bit older and starts demonstrating developmental delays sitting upright, standing, or walking.

Acquired cerebral palsy in children who are older (3-5) will be more evident because their movement patterns were further developed.

You may notice changes in how they walk and the speed of their movements.

Can Children Who Get Cerebral Palsy After Birth Recover?

improving cerebral plasy motor impairments with massed practice

©iStock.com/sweetmonster

The brain damage that causes cerebral palsy will not worsen or heal over time.

Luckily, the brain has neuroplasticity, which is its ability to rewire functions affected by brain damage to healthier areas of the brain.

Additionally, children’s brains have much higher levels of plasticity than adult brains, which means that it is easier for their brains to adapt and learn new skills.

The best way to promote neuroplasticity is through massed practice. Children with milder forms of cerebral palsy can usually demonstrate what proper movement patterns look like but don’t normally move that way because it feels uncomfortable.

By encouraging your child to practice these unfamiliar movement patterns, they will stimulate a new set of neural pathways in the brain. The more they stimulate the pathways, the more comfortable the movement will feel.

The end goal is to strengthen the new movement pattern to the point where it can replace the abnormal one.

Understanding Acquired CP: Key Points

Although most individuals with cerebral palsy are born with it, some acquire it in early childhood due to complications with brain development or from traumatic injury to the head.

Whether cerebral palsy is acquired or congenital, symptoms will generally be the same.

Hopefully, this article helped you understand what acquired cerebral palsy is and how to manage it. Good luck!

Featured image: ©iStock.com/sweetmonster

Keep It Going: Discover a home exercise program for CP that’s actually fun to do!

adult with cerebral palsy smiling while using FitMi home therapy

Finally! There’s a recovery device for CP that’s actually fun to use. See how Flint Rehab’s tools are helping with CP recovery:

“The FitMi and MusicGlove have done wonders for my son with hemiparesis from cerebral palsy and stroke.

It motivates him to do his exercises. It does not seem like therapy for him since it is fun. It monitors his progress so it is a great reinforcement for him.

Music is a motivator for him. He has been using it on his arm and we will try the leg exercises soon.”

FitMi works by motivating high repetition of therapeutic exercises while playing an engaging game. This gamification has been particularly great for motivating individuals with cerebral palsy to recover.

To see how FitMi works, click the button below:

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