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Choosing Gloves for Stroke Patients: Which Type Is Best for You?

Doctor helping stroke patient try on different types of gloves for stroke patients

Certain types of gloves for stroke patients can prevent contractures and even restore fine motor skills.

Depending on your level of disability, some gloves will work better than others. For example, patients with clenched fists after stroke will require a different type of glove than those who still retain some hand function.

To help you find the best glove for you, this article will discuss the 3 different types of rehab gloves for stroke patients. We’ll also explain how you can decide between the 3 options to choose the one that will best promote recovery.

How Stroke Affects Hand Movement

Before we share the gloves available for stroke recovery, it will help to understand how stroke affects hand movement. A stroke disrupts the signals that the brain sends to the muscles. Depending on the location of the stroke, it can affect the muscles of the hand in particular.

When these neural signals to the hand are interrupted, stroke survivors can experience weakness, spasticity, and even paralysis. Spasticity causes involuntary muscle contractions, which eventually leads to shortening of the muscles and loss of function.

Fortunately, these problems can be reversed, thanks to the brain’s remarkable ability to repair itself.

Utilizing Neuroplasticity to Restore Hand Function After Stroke

hologram of brain representing neuroplasticity

The best way to restore movement and function after stroke is to activate neuroplasticity, the brain’s natural repair mechanism.

Neuroplasticity refers to the brain’s ability to reorganize itself. It does this by forming new neural connections based on experiences, lifestyle, and environment.

After stroke, neuroplasticity allows the brain to essentially reprogram itself and transfer functions previously controlled by damaged areas of the brain to other, healthy ones.

You can activate neuroplasticity through massed practice, task-oriented training. However, this can be difficult to do when your hand is paralyzed or weakened by stroke. This is where stroke rehab gloves enter the picture.

Best Types of Gloves for Stroke Patients

Gloves are practical rehab tools that help stroke patients reverse damage and restore mobility.

The following are the three best types of gloves for stroke patients, and the pros and cons associated with each:

Static Hand Braces

These types of gloves are ideal for stroke patients with clenched and immobile hands. Static braces open up the fingers and palm and hold them in a stretched position. This helps prevent contractures in the hand.

Contractures cause muscles to shorten and become stiff, which restricts function. By stretching the muscles then, these braces can help restore functional movement.

However, on their own, static hand braces will not help you regain use of your affected hand. That’s because, in order to restore hand function, you must activate neuroplasticity. As discussed above, one of the best ways to activate neuroplasticity is through repetitive movement.

Static gloves, by definition, do not allow any movement of the hand or fingers. Therefore, while these gloves are useful, they are not intended as a long-term solution.

Assistive Gloves

Like static braces, assistive gloves stretch your fingers to prevent contractures. But they are also flexible enough to allow you to participate in activities of daily living.

Benefits of assistive gloves include:

  • Prevents excess buildup of fluid
  • Protects joints
  • Gradually restores movement

However, even assistive gloves do not challenge the brain enough to activate neuroplasticity. This leads us to the final type of glove on our list.

Exercise Gloves

Hand wearing MusicGlove, one of the best types of gloves for stroke patients

The final type of glove for stroke patients is actually an exercise device. These devices give your hand an intense workout, which will rewire the brain through neuroplasticity. This allows you to achieve permanent results and restore full function.

For example, Flint Rehab’s MusicGlove is clinically proven to improve hand function in as little as two weeks. By combining therapeutic music with gaming elements, MusicGlove creates an immersive rehab experience that encourages patients to keep up with therapy at home.

MusicGlove is most suited for stroke patients who have minimal hand function. If you have lost all function, we recommend starting with a static or assistive glove.  

Choosing the Best Stroke Rehabilitation Glove for You

No single type of glove for stroke patients will work for everyone. People with severe hand impairments will need to follow a longer process than people with minor impairments.

If your hand is severely clenched and spastic, you would most likely benefit from a brace. Then, once your flexibility has improved, you can invest in an exercise glove such as MusicGlove to help you regain full movement.

If your hand is relatively open but still limited in movement, you can skip straight to an exercise glove. You can also practice other hand therapy exercises to restore your fine motor skills.

We hope this guide to stroke rehab gloves helps you find the one that best meets your needs.

Featured Image: ©iStock/Wavebreakmedia

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See how Susan is recovering from post-stroke paralysis

“I had a stroke five years ago causing paralysis on my left side which remains today.

I recently began using FitMi.

At first it was difficult for me to be successful with a few of the exercises but the more I use it, the better my scores become.

I have recently had some movement in my left arm that I did not have before.

I don’t know if I can directly relate this to the use of the FitMi but I am not having occupational therapy so I conclude that it must be benefiting me.

The therapy modality motivates me to use it daily and challenges me to compete against my earlier scores.

I heartily recommend it!-Susan, stroke survivor

FitMi is our best-selling home therapy tool because it helps patients of all ability levels.

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