No products in the cart.

No products in the cart.

What to Expect After Brain Injury: Understanding the Aftermath and Recovery Process

woman at the edge of the hospital bed waiting patiently for the doctor to tell her what to expect after brain injury

Learning what to expect after brain injury (TBI) can help you and your loved ones prepare for the road ahead. Every brain injury is different and every survivor may experience a variety of secondary effects, depending on the location and severity of the TBI. 

Therefore, as a survivor, knowing the possible outcomes can help you work through any effects you may experience and embark on a safe, effective recovery. Additionally, if you’re a caregiver, understanding what happens during the acute hospital stay following TBI can help you take the necessary precautions and ensure a safe transition home for your loved one.

This article will discuss what to expect after brain injury as a survivor and as a caregiver, outlining the aftermath and the rehabilitation process.

Brain Injury Recovery Starts in the Hospital

A traumatic brain injury requires immediate medical care in order to stabilize the survivor and minimize the progression of secondary damage. The emergency team at the hospital will run diagnostic tests and provide swift treatments for TBI if necessary.

Initial treatment depends on the location and severity of the brain injury. For example, in moderate to severe cases, surgery may be required to relieve pressure on the brain. In other instances, steroids may be used to reduce swelling in the brain, although there is conflicting evidence on the effectiveness of this. For milder TBIs, also called concussions, medication may be prescribed to help alleviate some of the symptoms such as headaches or nausea.

After stabilization, survivors begin progressing through the brain injury recovery stages. For example, some survivors remain in a coma, a deep state of unconsciousness. After regaining awareness, or if the individual did not fall into a coma, survivors may transition into a minimally conscious state

When individuals emerge from this state, they may experience post-traumatic amnesia, a state of confusion. In this state, survivors may exhibit unusual behaviors such as agitation or frustration. Fortunately, post-traumatic amnesia is a normal part of the recovery process that is almost always temporary.

Survivors that reach this stage are very likely to make a functional recovery. Generally, the less severe the brain injury, the better the recovery outlook, however, many survivors with severe brain injuries have made astounding recoveries.

Still, the length of acute hospital stay varies, but once the survivor is stable and no further complications have been detected, some survivors are discharged to a rehabilitation facility for intensive therapy before going home, while others return directly home.

Transition from the Hospital to Home After Brain Injury

women adding home modifications to help survivors adjust and have a safe transition after brain injury

Returning home after sustaining a traumatic brain injury can require many changes and adjustments. To ensure a safe transition, it helps to create home modifications. 

For instance, if you struggle with hand function, adding door knob extenders can help you enter and leave the house. Additionally, clearing walkways of cords and clutter and adding rug grippers can help lessen the risk of falling or slipping. Investing in adaptive equipment can also help make tasks like bathing and eating easier.

Additionally, before you leave the hospital, your rehabilitation team should establish a program for you to continue your recovery from home. Many survivors also continue to attend regular outpatient therapy sessions after discharge from the hospital, which provides valuable time with your therapist.

Eventually, however, insurance may no longer cover the cost of valuable therapy treatments or survivors may prefer to get a higher level of intensity of rehabilitation. Fortunately, there are other ways to stay engaged in therapy from the comfort of your own home. 

Gamified neurorehabilitation devices, like FitMi, provide access to full-body exercises tailored to your level of ability. MusicGlove is another neurorehabilitation device that helps improve fine motor skills through a fun, musical game to help you stay motivated and engaged in between therapy sessions. 

In the hospital survivors have easier access to their medical team and therefore are able to communicate any new or recurrent symptoms they experience. However, it’s equally important to consult with your doctor once you’re home and ask questions if you are having concerns about what to expect after brain injury.

What to Expect After Brain Injury: The Recovery Process

physical therapist sharing tips with survivor on what to expect after brain injury

Because every traumatic event is different, it can be challenging to predict exactly what to expect after brain injury. The effects of TBI that survivors may experience depend on the severity and the areas of the brain affected. Damage to various locations of the brain may cause a range of physical, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral effects.

Common effects of traumatic brain injury include:

Understanding the various secondary effects that may occur can help you anticipate what to expect after brain injury. Many may still wonder, can survivors make a full TBI recovery? The answer lies in the brain’s ability to heal and rewire itself through neuroplasticity.

After a brain injury, many of the brain’s neural pathways used to communicate with the rest of the body may become damaged. However, with neuroplasticity, existing pathways are strengthened and new ones are created. This helps survivors restore any impaired or lost functions and promote recovery.

The best way to stimulate the brain and activate neuroplasticity is through high repetition exercises, or massed practice. During the first 3-6 months following a TBI the brain enters a heightened state of neuroplasticity. Survivors may see huge strides in this time frame but may feel progress has slowed after this stage. This is a normal part of recovery, referred to as a plateau. 

To stay motivated on the road to recovery, it’s important to activate neuroplasticity as much as possible by participating in consistent rehabilitation therapy. This can include a combination of physicaloccupational, and speech therapy; but is enhanced by any additional work the survivor can put in on their own time.

For example, if you want to improve memory, you must consistently practice activities that test your memory. Likewise, if you want to improve your mobility, you must repetitively practice using the affected body parts. 

The aftermath of a brain injury may look different for everyone, but undoubtedly, activating neuroplasticity and engaging in rehabilitation therapy can be extremely beneficial for all survivors.

How Caregivers Can Help Their Loved Ones After TBI

caregiver happily explaining to her loved one what to expect after brain injury

As a caregiver, you play an essential role in a survivor’s recovery process. While it may feel overwhelming not knowing what to expect after brain injury or how to properly care for your loved one, learning some tips on caring for survivors can help ease your load. 

Give your loved one the space and freedom to be independent, encourage them to participate in rehabilitation therapy, and last but not least, allow yourself to take breaks to rest and recharge. It may be beneficial to join a caregiver support group to help you connect with others going through similar experiences. While it can be challenging and difficult to adjust to the changes of a brain injury, it can also be rewarding.

Understanding What to Expect After Brain Injury

Every traumatic brain injury is different, therefore the outcome for every survivor will vary. However, knowing what to expect after brain injury can help survivors and loved ones prepare for any possible outcome and seek proper treatment. 

While there are a wide range of secondary effects and/or complications that can occur, there are also many effective recovery methods survivors can engage in such as rehabilitation therapy. High repetition exercises help stimulate the brain and activate neuroplasticity. This helps survivors restore function, maximize independence, and promote recovery.

We hope this article has helped you understand what to expect after brain injury and restored your hope in the recovery process.

Keep it going: Do you know these 15 essential TBI recovery tips?

If you like our content, you’ll love our ebook and newsletters! Get instant access to our TBI recovery tips ebook with 20 pages of helpful advice by signing up below.

You’ll also receive our emails that share survivor stories and more useful TBI recovery tips, which you can opt out of at any time. (We know you’ll love them, too.)

We will never sell your email address, and we never spam. That we promise.

More Ways to Recover with Flint Rehab:

Download Free TBI Recovery Tips!

15 Things Every TBI Survivor Must Know

Discover Award-Winning Neurorehab Tools

You're on a Roll: Read More Popular Articles on TBI Recovery

Do you want to sharpen your cognitive skills after a TBI?

Time with a speech therapist is extremely valuable during recovery, especially if you struggle with communication, critical thinking, or memory after brain injury. Insurance typically covers speech therapy for a fixed amount of time. But once it’s over, recovery is in your hands.

That’s why a team of neuroscientists and clinicians from Boston University created the CT Speech & Cognitive Therapy app. Designed for those recovering from stroke, TBI, or living with neurological conditions, the app contains over 100,000 cognitive exercises that are all available right from your phone or tablet. That’s like having a speech therapist by your side whenever you want!

This app is the perfect fit if you want to improve your speaking, memory, or general mental sharpness. And, it’s affordable at just $29.99/month!

Click here to learn more about the CT app

See what Miriam said about the CT Speech & Cognitive Therapy app:

“For the past 6 months, my son has used the app about three times a week. The app is like a virtual therapist, it’s very easy to use, and it gives him immediate feedback.

He now understands things faster, can make decisions with less hesitation, has improved recognition of words, and his confidence is higher. I also find it easy to get in touch with customer service; they pleasantly help out. The whole experience has been great.”

— Miriam

It’s like having a virtual speech therapist available anytime you want

With the CT App, you can get the guidance you need right from your phone or tablet. You can use it on your own or in between sessions with your speech therapist.

Whether you struggle with aphasia, memory loss, or critical thinking, the CT Speech & Cognitive Therapy App can help.

“The CT app has helped me gather my confidence by building on and reinforcing old forgotten skills. It helps to see my percentages increase, and work harder when they decrease. It’s very self-motivating.” -Kathryn

We are confident that this app will help improve your speech and cognitive function after brain injury. Like our recovery tools, the CT App is also covered by our 30-day money-back guarantee.

15 Things Every TBI Survivor Must Know

Do you know these 15 TBI recovery tips?

Get a free copy of our ebook 15 Things Every TBI Survivor Must Know. Click here to get instant access.